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The development of kidney disease can negatively affect many aspects of your life, including mental and general health.

Many people on dialysis feel that they cannot do sports or, more generally, exercise. The truth is that most dialysis patients CAN exercise. In fact, regular exercise and sport are a major factor in helping many people return to a “normal” lifestyle during dialysis. Increased activity and sports can help you feel better and even return to the activities you loved to do before starting life on dialysis.

Can I exercise if I’m on dialysis?

Yes, almost everyone who does dialysis can train. The type of exercise you choose depends on what type of dialysis you are doing, your medical condition, how active you are at the moment and what your preferences are.

Can I be active during dialysis treatment?

Yes, you can perform certain exercises during hemodialysis treatment (while connected to the dialysis machine). Some dialysis wards abroad even have exercise programs that patients can participate in. It is important to discuss the possibilities with your doctor before you start training while you are on dialysis. For a suitable program you can contact a physiotherapist or kinesitherapies to prepare a suitable individual plan.

What is the best exercise for dialysis patients?

Choose continuous activities such as walking, swimming, cycling, aerobic dancing or any other activity in which you need to constantly move large muscle groups. Low-level strengthening exercises can also be useful as part of your program.

Regular exercise is important for everyone – and this includes people with kidney disease.

The benefits of doing sports can refer to:

Increased sense of energy

Improved mood

Reduced stress

Better removal of urea from the blood during dialysis

Reduced feelings of discomfort and cramps



Cardiovascular disease is much more common in people with kidney disease or kidney failure.

Like all organs, the heart is made of tissue, which requires a supply of oxygen and nutrients. Although his chamber is full of blood, his own supply comes from a network of arteries called coronary arteries.

The name „heart disease “includes a number of health problems that can affect the heart or blood vessels. Doctors call these disorders cardiovascular disease. The heart and blood vessels work together to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body, including the brain, heart, legs and lungs. Damage to the heart or blood vessels can be very serious and can lead to chest pain, heart attack or stroke.

In addition to kidney failure, most people on dialysis have one or more of the following conditions:

  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Anemia
  • High levels of fats such as cholesterol in the blood
  • Poor balance of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus, leading to disease and heart problems

Each of these conditions forces the heart to work harder, and it eventually loses its ability to pump blood well enough.

Can dialysis patients do anything to keep their heart healthy?

Dialysis people have specific health needs.

You can also follow these easy ten steps for a healthier heart.

  • Follow an optimal and healthy diet
  • Be physically active
  • Keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control
  • Maintain a balance of calcium and phosphorus
  • If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar under control
  • Do not smoke
  • Reduce stress
  • Maintain a healthy weight


Nutrition in hemodialysis patients is very important to minimize health complications and ensure quality of life in general.

Diets in patients with chronic disease play an important role in planning the treatment process.

The purpose of the diet plan is to examine patients’ appetites to adjust the systemic norm to alleviate or prevent cardiovascular and peripheral diseases. Also, to neutralize electrolyte disorders and uremic diseases such as itching, nausea, recovery, loss of appetite. In addition, adherence to a balanced diet helps reduce high potassium and sodium levels in the diet, prevent pulmonary edema, hypertension and heart failure. Negatives (hyperkalaemia, hyperphosphatemia, peripheral and pulmonary outflow) in fluid and electrolyte balance are monitored in patients who do not observe these changes.

The result of studies that hemodialysis patients are at risk of malnutrition.

Malnutrition depends on several factors in hemodialysis patients. Two types of malnutrition could be differentiated in this particular group of patients. The first type is determined by the uremic syndrome and the decrease in serum albumin levels due to reduced energy and protein intake. The second type results from the use and atherosclerosis, high risk heart disease. The manifested features here are increased oxidative stress, protein catabolism, increased energy expenditure in energy, hypoalbuminemia. In addition, malnutrition due to unbalanced diet of water to chronic volume overload, congestive heart failure and systemic hypertension, uremic bone examination and extraskeletal metastatic calcification due to the development of hyperphosphatemia and other adverse conditions.

There are different ways to find out if a hemodialysis diet works. A factor in this is how you feel before and after dialysis sessions. Following the rules of your diet, the accumulation of waste products and fluids will be minimal and you will not feel bad. During the procedure itself, the amount of fluid you will lose from your body will not be too large, which will prevent the feeling of weakness or dizziness. Also, you may have fewer health causes caused by taking too much phosphorus, sodium and potassium.