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Diabetic nephropathy is the name used to describe kidney damage caused by diabetes. It develops slowly over several years. Almost one in five people with diabetes eventually need treatment for diabetic nephropathy. Despite these alarming statistics, there are many things that can reduce the risk of developing the complication. If detected early enough, diabetic nephropathy can also be delayed with treatment.

What causes kidney disease?

One of the main jobs of your kidneys is to filter your blood by removing excess fluids and waste products from your body through urine.

High blood glucose (sugar) levels can damage the small blood vessels and tiny filters in your kidneys. When the blood vessels are damaged, the kidneys are unable to clean the blood in an optimal way. For this reason, excess fluids, salts, toxic products accumulate in the body and swelling and weight gain begin to be observed.

The earliest sign of diabetic nephropathy is the so-called microalbuminuria, which means an increased level of the albumin protein in the urine.

What is albumin?

Human albumin is a small globular protein consisting of 585 amino acids. Albumin is synthesized in the liver, after which it is excreted into the bloodstream. It plays an important transport role – for hormones, vitamins or medicines.

An important indicator is the amount of albumin and the ratio with total potein in various disease processes: chronic liver diseases, chronic kidney failure, oncological diseases or in the diagnosis of edematous conditions.

Once this damage is present, the remaining kidney filters must work extra to compensate for the deficiencies in the system’s proper functioning. Once the kidneys start working at less than 15% of their capacity, a diagnosis of kidney failure is made and the patient usually goes on dialysis.

There is no specific treatment for diabetic nephropathy, but disease progression can be slowed by controlling blood pressure, optimizing blood sugar levels, and changing diet. Once kidney disease is present, the most important thing to focus on is controlling blood pressure.



On the occasion of World Kidney Day, which this year will be celebrated on the 9th of March, NephroLife Dialysis Center is organizing a campaign with completely free exams of patients in a pre-dialysis condition, chronic kidney diseases and kidney failure, which will be performed by the leading nephrologist in Burgas Region – Dr. Svetla Stamova.

Examinations will take place on March the 9th  and 10th  (Thursday and Friday) at NephroLife Dialysis Center – Transportna Street (behind MOL Plaza) after a pre-booked appointment on phone number 056 55 55 88 and 0878 925 945.

The campaign is carried out by the joint collaboration of Dr. S. Stamova – a leading Burgas nephrologist, Prof. Talia Weinstein – a world-renowned name in the field of nephrology and dialysis treatment in Israel and Dr. N. Todorov – medical manager of the center, leading one of the largest dialysis units in the country. The vast professional experience of these specialists, part of Nephrolife team, provides an exceptional opportunity for precise diagnosis and complex medical care.

World Kidney Day is a global health initiative dedicated to the prevention and treatment of kidney diseases. Statistics show that approximately one in ten people of the planet has chronic kidney problems, as globally it is expected to become the fifth leading cause of shorter life expectancy in the coming years. In Bulgaria, people with various degree of kidney damage exceed 700,000, which represents about 10-12% of the country’s population.

Over the years of its existence, NephroLife Dialysis Center has proven itself to patients in the country and abroad as a first-class reliable choice for hemodialysis treatment. The clinic is behind a number of socially engaged campaigns aimed at dialysis patients. Apart from the fact that the center is supplied with first class equipment, the most important thing that patients encounter here is a team of doctors and nurses with a personal, friendly attitude and an individual approach.